Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in America, and it's the second most frequent cancer in women and men. It's strongly recommended that smokers have tested for lung cancer to necessitate treatment, but it doesn't appear to be true.
Only a tiny fraction of smokers make the most of lung cancer screening which will be potentially lifesaving. It's perceived that most smokers do not turn out due to the fear of stigmatization and cancer diagnosis.
A study has shown that only 2% of the heavy smokers in the U.S. are advised to get screening for lung cancer. This statistic is extremely low when compared with breast cancer and colon cancer screenings that are not as comfortable.
Lung cancer screening has dangers, particularly from exposure to radiation because of repeated CT scans. For this reason, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has recommended screening only for those men and women that are at the highest risk of lung cancer. These include those who have smoked for over a long time period and are at the time of between 55 and 80 years.
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Lung cancer risk decreases the longer one abstains from smoking. It's due to this that guidelines are provided for smokers and those who stopped smoking over the previous 15 years.
Following the screening, follow-up evaluations are conducted to confirm whether the screening results show that cancer is present.
Studies have shown that the fear of stigma is the main reason many smokers might not consider getting screened for lung cancer. They worry about being blamed for smoking from the radiology technicians or health care providers. This may keep them from opening up to the physician about screening or creating a screening appointment.
Some screening program has been put up and provides CT scans free of charge. They've realized positive outcomes after viewing 65% of the eligible population. These facilities achieved this by teaching medical professionals in the community and reaching out to all high-risk patients through meetings, visiting senior homes as well as the air force base.
It's extremely obvious that most individuals don't turn out for screening since they're not aware. What is required is public education and awareness campaigns to reach out to heavy smokers. Early detection and screening of lung cancer can save lives and help patients prevent the intensive chemotherapy and radiation treatments necessary if cancer is discovered.